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Dr. Clive ForresterContinuing Lecturer
AddressDept. of English Language and Literature, 200 University Ave. West, N2L3G1 Waterloo, Canada
Email icon[email protected]
Website cliveforrester.com

Experienced linguist, academic writing instructor, and researcher with over 12 years of experience in the academic setting teaching a wide variety of courses in the humanities. Dept. profile.

2005 – 2012
Ph.D. Applied Linguistics, University of the West Indies, Mona

Title: “Modeling Time Reference in Judge’s Summation: A Study in Time Reference Management in a Creole Continuum Courtroom”

Supervisor: Hubert Devonish, Professor of Linguistics, University of the West Indies, Mona

2002 – 2005
MPhil. Linguistics, University of the West Indies, Mona

Converted to PhD program 

1999 – 2002
B.A. Linguistics, University of the West Indies, Mona
Professional Experience
2021 – presentWaterloo, Canada
Continuing Lecturer, Department of English Language and Literature, University of Waterloo
  • Teaching undergraduate courses in academic writing
  • Re-designed course content to target students from the math and engineering faculties
  • Designed new course for Black studies diploma
  • Introduced product modeling for technical writing students 
  • Managed online version of Introduction to Academic writing 
  • Co-coordinated awards ceremony for the department 
  • 2016 – 2021Waterloo, Canada
    Definite Term Lecturer, Department of English Language and Literature, University of Waterloo
    Dr. Clive Forrester
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    2008 – 2016Toronto, Canada
    Course Director, Department of Languages, Literature, and Linguistics York University
  • Designed and launched three courses on the structure and usage of Jamaican Creole.
  • Coordinated undergraduate major in Latin American and Caribbean Studies.
  • Served on a hiring committee for administrative assistant.
  • Served as adjudicator for graduate student scholarship
  • 2005 – 2008St. Andrew, Jamaica
    Part-time Lecturer, Dept. of Language, Linguistics, and Philosophy, University of the West Indies, Mona
  • Redesigned several undergraduate courses in linguistics to add professional relevance 
  • Served on the strategic planning committee for the department 
  • Served as the graduate student representative on faculty council 
  • 2005 – 2008St. Andrew, Jamaica
    Lecturer, Dept. of Liberal Studies, University of Technology
  • Coordinated team-taught course in academic writing.
  • Taught a range of courses in oral and business communication designed for students of engineering and business administration
  • Courses Taught
    ENGL408B - The Discourse of Advertising, University of Waterloo

    This course examines the linguistic and rhetorical tools involved in the language of advertising. Participants are introduced to a brief history of the discourse of advertising and how the rhetoric in that communicative genre has evolved across space and time (focusing primarily on the mid 20th century to the present). Additionally, the course utilizes various analytical methods grounded in rhetorical theory and applied linguistics in exploring the principles of advertising language. Finally, participants are engaged in the dissection and creation of original advertising copy. 

    ENGL306A - Introduction to Linguistics, University of Waterloo

    This course introduces students to the foundational areas in the field of linguistics. Linguists study the quintessential human trait - language - and situate this study within areas of study as diverse as human cognition and development, language learning and teaching, and critical theory. This course is designed to give participants a brief overview of the structural components of language (such as the sounds, syntax, and how meaning is assigned to units of language) as well as how language shapes and impacts on our world in dynamic and interesting ways. 

    ENGL210J - Technical Writing, University of Waterloo

    This course is intended to introduce participants to the principles and procedures of technical editing. We will draw on examples from manufacturing, the sciences, and the legal field in an effort to build competence and proficiency in the different levels of editing. Material for editing will be drawn both from real-world cases as well as originally created by class participants with the goal of engaging in professional editing techniques. Participants will finally be introduced to the basics of working with editing software. 

    BLKST210 - Language Life and Literature in the Caribbean, University of Waterloo

    This course introduces students to the ways in which language shapes and sustains various forms of cultural expression in the Caribbean region. Participants will use the creative output of storytellers, poets, DJs, and playwrights as a lens to investigate and trace the evolution of a distinctly Caribbean identity from the post-colonial period (the 1960s) up to the present. Participants are also introduced to the social dynamics of Creole language use in the Caribbean and an exploration of the ways in which these languages are implicated in diverse cultural art forms.

    [Course proposed and created by me]

    Dr. Clive Forrester
    2 / 9
    ENGL119 - Communication for Math and Computer Science, University of Waterloo

    Educators at the high school level are describing the current declining math scores in Ontario as a “crisis.” Some attribute this to a general fear and discomfort with the subject, but also to intimidating and unengaging methods of communicating topics in mathematics. This course hopes to address the latter problem - how experts and practitioners of math communicate core principles in the subject area without alienating the layperson. We will draw on a variety of communication techniques, ranging from report writing to group presentations and podcasting in an effort to develop a skill set needed to strengthen math enthusiasts as competent and effective communicators.

    ENGL109 - Introduction to Academic Writing, University of Waterloo

    ENGL 109 serves as an introductory course to the foundations and principles of the genre of writing expected at the university level. Participants will be exposed to three styles of academic essays - the expository, narrative and argumentative essay - and instructed how each style fits into the larger goals of the institution as well as to the world outside the classroom. Since good writing is a social and indeed collaborative activity, participants will receive ongoing feedback on their own writing, as well as learn how to give constructive criticisms to the writing of their peers. 

    JC1000 - Introduction to Jamaican Creole, York University

    This course introduces participants to the basic elements of the grammar and use of Jamaican Creole (“Patwa/Patois”). It is designed specifically for persons with no prior knowledge of the language and/or persons who have knowledge of the language but would like to learn the grammar and writing system formally. In addition to the grammar of Jamaican, different aspects of Jamaican culture will be explored, such as literature, film and theatre, and music. 

    [Course proposed and created by me]

    Teaching Portfolio
    University of Waterloo Teaching samples, https://padlet.com/clive_forrester/2oc4iisedgz8b03r

    A teaching portfolio to showcase adjustments to courses during the transition to remote teaching in the pandemic. It displays a collection of syllabi, class exercises, and excerpts from classroom discussions. 

    2024Kingston, Jamaica
    Forrester, C. & Dawkins, N. (eds). (2024). Sounds of Advocacy, Language, and Liberation: Papers in honour of Hubert Devonish, University of the West Indies (UWI), Press. Kingston, Jamaica.


    2023Berlin, Germany
    Forrester, Clive (ed). (2023). Intersections of language rights and social justice in the Caribbean context

    (Studies in Caribbean Languages 5). Berlin: Language Science Press. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.10052722 https://langsci-press.org/catalog/book/407

    Articles (Refereed)
    Forrester, C. (2013). “Ethics, Conscience and Just Desert: The Linguistic Performance of Sentencing in the Jamaican Courtroom.” In C. Brown Blake and D. Walicek (eds.), Sargasso: Language Rights and Language Policy in the Caribbean, Vol. II. https://dloc.com/UF00096005/00039/83x
    Dr. Clive Forrester
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    Book Chapters (Refereed)
    Forrester, C. (2024). "Don't say a word": Interpreting Jamaican idioms in a Toronto courtroom., In Forrester, C. & Dawkins, N. (2024). Sounds of Advocacy, Language, and Liberation: Papers in honour of Hubert Devonish, University of the West Indies (UWI), Press. Kingston, Jamaica.


    Forrester, C. (2023). #problematic: Using English for social justice advocacy in Creole-speaking societies., In Clive Forrester (ed.), Intersections of language rights and social justice in the Caribbean context, 1–25. Berlin: Language Science Press. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.10103074
    Farquharson, J. T., Forrester, C., & Hollington, A. (2020). "The linguistics of Jamaican swearing: Forms, background and adaptations"., In Nassenstein, N., & Storch, A. (Eds.) Swearing and Cursing. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter Mouton. doi: https://doi.org/10.1515/9781501511202-007
    Forrester, C. (2007) Ethical Issues of Negotiation: An Exploratory Study of Code-Switching, Deception and Negotiation Tactics in the Jamaican Context., In Nowel Cowell, Archibald Campbell, Gavin Chen, Stanford Moore (eds).Ethical Perspectives for Caribbean Business. Arawak Press. Jamaica.


    Pre-print Publications
    Forrester, C. & Boothe, K. (2023) Generative AI in Academic Writing, Ethical Recommendations
    Media publications
    12/2023Toroto, Canada
    Patwa, Jamaica’s mother tongue, deserves to be an official language, Globe and Mail (Opinion Section)
    UWaterloo Service
    01/2021 – present
    FAUW Equity Committee, Member of equity committee for the Faculty Association

    Planned and executed equity initiatives for faculty at the university.

    09/2021 – present
    Black Faculty Collective, Coordinator

    Managing and directing action items for the BFC

    Dr. Clive Forrester
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    08/2021 – present
    Department Brown Bag research series, Research Workshops for Dept. of English Language and Literature

    A research series for faculty members to share their research and provide feedback for others

    02/2021 – 2022
    Faculty of Arts, Ujima Black History Month @UW

    Core planning committee for the Black History Month event in the Faculty of Arts

    01/2020 – 11/2020
    Department Teaching Squares, Anti-racist teaching Squares for the Dept. of English Language and Literature

    A forum for faculty members to share and implement ideas in their courses centred on anti-racist initiatives.

    10/2021 – 05/2022
    Department Chair Search Committee, Member of Chair search committee for Dept. of English Language and Literature
    12/2021 – 02/2022
    Assoc. Vice President Equity, Diversity, Inclusion and Anti-racism, Core hiring committee for Equity Specialist
    01/2021 – 11/2021
    Dept. of English Language & Literature Anti-racism task force, Anti-racist committee for the Dept. of English
    04/2021 – 06/2021
    Faculty of Arts, Core Hiring Committee, Arts First DTL

    Reviewed candidate files and created a shortlist for interviews, then assisted in interviewing candidates

    09/2018 – 09/2019
    Faculty of Arts, Dept. of English representative at OUF (Ontario Universities Fair)
    11/2016 – 05/2018
    Department of English Language and Literature Awards Ceremony, Department Awards Coordinator

    Assisted in organizing the annual English Awards Ceremony in recognition of student achievement.

    Professional Affiliations
    08/2022 – presentTrinidad and Tobago
    Society for Caribbean Linguistics, President
    08/2012 – 08/2022Trinidad and Tobago
    06/2014 – 09/2014Canada
    Director of Court Interpretation, Ministry of Attn. General, Toronto, Verified courtroom transcript of Jamaican speech

    Analyzed court transcript in mistrial case

    07/2009 – 07/2011Canada
    Chair, Peel English Creole Language Program steering committee, Brampton, Consultant for heritage language program

    Designed material for teachers on the English Creole heritage language program

    Dr. Clive Forrester
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    06/2009 – 07/2009Toronto, Canada
    "Project Coral" Criminal Defence Team, Toronto, Consultant to criminal defence team

    Analyzed wiretap evidence containing Jamaican speech

    Expert Witness Activity
    08/2022Pennsylvania, USA
    Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Omar Lewis, 1st degree murder, CP-51-CR-7140-2021, Provided linguistic analysis and transcription

    Transcribed and analyzed mobile phone voice note of murder confession.

    Consulting attorney:

    Law Offices of George S. Yacoubian, Jr., LLC

    ATTN: George S. Yacoubian, Jr., Ph.D., LL.M., S.J.D., M.S.

    150 N. Radnor Chester Road, Suite F200

    Radnor, PA 19087

    610.768.8988 - Office

    610.213.3452 - Cell

    610.229.5168 - Fax


    R. v. Hayles-Wilson, 1st-degree murder, Canada, Toronto., Testified on behalf of defence

    Gave testimony on the interpretation of Jamaican language idioms heard on wiretap evidence.

    Consulting attorney:

    Paul J.I. Alexander


    55 University Avenue, Suite 1100

    Toronto, ON M5J 2H7

    Tel (416) 960-3000

    Mobile (416) 854-2118

    Invited Talks
    07/2023Kingston, Jamaica
    Ethical Usage of Artificial Intelligence in Academic Writing, Plenary Speaker, Caribbean Association of Academic Literacies Practitioners (CATALP) AI Forum


    03/2023Kingston, Jamaica
    Impact of AI on Language Services (Translation), Guest speaker, Translators and Interpreters Association of Jamaica Quarterly Meeting
    2020St. Andrew, Jamaica
    "Language, Justice, and Black Lives" Humanities in Action Virtual Seminar Series: Black Lives Matter, Guest Panelist


    2019Toronto, Canada
    “From Plantation to Parliament: The Journey to the Recognition of Jamaican as an Official Language.", Panel discussion on the Centennary of Hon. Mrs. Louise Bennette-Coverly, Jean Augustine Chair in Education, Community, and Diaspora at York University.
    Dr. Clive Forrester
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    2019Heredia, Costa Rica
    “La evolución y el estado de los criollos Caribeños en el hogar y en la diáspora” (The evolution and status of Caribbean Creoles at home and in the diaspora)., Plenary lecture, Central American Linguistics Assoc. 10th Biennial Conference. National University of Costa Rica, Heredia, Costa Rica.
    2019Montreal, Canada
    "Jamaican Language from the Plantation to the Academy and Beyond", Public lecture, "Jamaican Language from the Plantation to the Academy and Beyond"
    2019Heredia, Costa Rica
    "Language, Identity, and Race in the Jamaican Context", Guest lecture, University of Puerto Rico (UPR), San Juan, Puerto Rico.
    2018Waterloo, Canada
    "What is the Value of an Arts Degree?", Panelist, Waterloo County English Awards Day. Renison University College. Waterloo, ON.
    2016Toronto, Canada
    "Where are all the Black Faculty?", Panelist, Black History Month event, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University. Toronto, ON.
    2014Toronto, Canada
    Downtrodden but not Defeated: The Journey of Caribbean Creole Languages", Guest speaker, Black History Month event, Environment Canada. Toronto, ON.
    "How is Black Identity performed in Canada?", Panelist, Welcome reception panel discussion for Dr. Erna Brodber, Centre for Research on Latin America and the Caribbean (CERLAC), York University. Toronto, ON.
    2011Toronto, Canada
    "A Waagwaan? Jamaican Language, Culture, and Identity at the Crossroads", Guest speaker, Welcome to Jamrock lecture series, Accents on Eglinton Bookstore. Toronto, ON.
    2009Brampton, Canada
    "Groundings with my Brothers", Panelist, Black History Month event, Chinguacousy Secondary School. Brampton, ON.
    2009Toronto, Canada
    "Transcreolisation; Changing Attitudes towards an Indigenous Creole Language - Evidence from Jamaica", Caribbean Studies Graduate Network (CSGN) workshop. University of Toronto. Toronto, ON.
    Graduate Examination Activites
    2018Waterloo, Canada
    "Fifty Shades of Day: The Varied and Incomplete Meanings of Marketing Capabilities" PhD Defence for Gregory Tanguay., Internal-External Examiner, Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies, Wilfird Laurier University.
    2017St. Augustine, Trinidad
    "Defining a Prime Minister - A critical discourse analysis of newspaper editorials in Trinidad and Tobago" PhD Defence for Rajendra Shepherd, External examiner, Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics, University of the West Indies (UWI), St. Augustine.
    2017Cave Hill, Canada
    "A Rhetorical and Gender Interpretation of Advertisements by Banks Breweries, Barbados" MA Dissertation for Alyssa Harewood, External examiner, Department of Caribbean Studies, University of the West Indies (UWI), Cave Hill.
    2017St. Andrew, Jamaica
    LIN6307: Introduction to Sociology of Language for Graduate Students. Graduate course in linguistics, External evaluator, Department of Language, Linguistics and Philosophy, University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona.
    Dr. Clive Forrester
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    Conference Presentations
    2019St. Andrew, Jamaica
    #problematic: English as the Social Justice Lingua Franca in Creole Speaking Societies., The Many Facets of Mervyn. University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona. Jamaica.
    2019Waterloo, Canada
    Using Lego in the Classroom: Experimenting with Kinesthetic Learning in an English class., UW Teaching and Learning Conference. University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada.
    2018Heredia, Costa Rica
    Language Rights in the Right Language: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Feedback to Creole-Related Articles in Jamaican Newspapers., 22nd Biennial Society for Caribbean Linguistics, San Jose & Limon, Costa Rica.
    2018St. Andrew, Jamaica
    "Don't Say a Word": Interpreting Jamaican Idioms in a Toronto Murder Case., Sounds of Advocacy, Language, and Liberation, Mona, Jamaica
    2016St. Andrew, Jamaica
    Jamaican Creole Language Issues Inside Ontario Courtrooms: The Dynamics of Linguistic Consultancies., Society for Caribbean Linguistics 21st Biennial Conference, Mona, Jamaica.
    2016Toronto, Canada
    Students On Air: Using Internet Radio as a Presentation Platform., Teaching in Focus 2016 Conference, Toronto, Canada.
    2014Orenjestad, Aruba
    The Role of the Linguist in the Interrogation of Caribbean ‘Hate Speech', Society for Caribbean Linguistics 20th Biennial Conference, Oranjestad, Aruba
    2014Toronto, Canada
    Social Media and the Rise of Secularism in Jamaica., Social Media and Implications for Politics, Religion and Gender, 2nd Annual Social Media Conference, Toronto, Canada
    2012Nassau, Bahamas
    Reflective Writing and Affective Assessment in a Language Classroom: The Case of Jamaican Creole at York University, Society for Caribbean Linguistics 19th Biennial Conference, Nassau, Bahamas.
    2010St. Andrew, Jamaica
    Language in the Jamaican Diaspora: The Case of Patwa at York University, Dept. of Language, Linguistics, and Philosophy Research Day, Mona, Jamaica.
    2009Toronto, Canada
    Interpretation on Trial: Linguistic Issues inside the Jamaican Courtroom., Dept of Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics lecture series, York University, Toronto, Canada.
    2007St. Andrew, Jamaica
    Conversation Analysis and its Application to Jamaican Sign Language: Towards an Understanding of Discourse Styles and Strategies in an Indigenous Signed Language, 2nd Annual Post Graduate Research Day, Mona, Jamaica
    2006Honolulu, USA
    Court Transcripts as a Source of Forensic Linguistic Analysis: Teaching Jamaican Courtroom Reporters a New Orthography, 4th Annual International Conference on Arts and Humanities, Honolulu, USA.
    2005New York, USA
    The Discourse of Time in the Jamaican Courtroom: English Speaking Counsel Meets Creole Speaking Witness, 50th Annual International Linguistic Association Conference, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York, New York, USA.
    2004St. Andrew, Jamaica
    Jamaican Courtroom Discourse: Some Implications of Cross-Linguistic Interaction, Inaugural Graduate Students Conference, UWI Mona, Jamaica.
    Dr. Clive Forrester
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    2003St. Andrew, Jamaica
    Ethical Issues of Negotiation: A Jamaican Perspective, 3rd Colloquium on Business Ethics, Department of Management Studies, University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica.
    2002St. Augustine, Trinidad
    The Survival of Marroon Creole in the Caribbean, Society for Caribbean Linguistics 13th Biennial Conference. University of the West Indies (UWI), St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
    Media Mentions & Interviews
    10/2023Toronto, Canada
    07/2021Waterloo, Canada
    "Dominica fights to save Creole forged by Slaves in Caribbean", AP (Associated Press)


    2020Waterloo, Canada
    "Jamaican Creole Coveted Everywhere", b/dscvrd Podcast


    2010Toronto, Canada
    "York@50: The Way Must be Tried", Omni TV


    Dr. Clive Forrester
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